How art brings dinosaurs to life

Peter Trusler via Cambridge U. Press

A Leaellynasaura hatching emerges in this illustration by Peter Trusler, published in “The Artist and the Scientists.” Click to see a slideshow tracing the process of turning fossils of long-dead species into artistic reconstructions of those species.

Peter Trusler

This panorama of ancient megafauna was created for an Australian stamp panel. Top row, left to right: Genyornis newtoni, Diprotodon optatum, Procoptodon goliah. Bottom row: Magalania prisca, Thylacoleo carinfex and Thylacinus cynocephalus. Click to see a slideshow tracing the process of turning fossils of long-dead species into artistic reconstructions of those species.

How do you turn a bunch of bones into a gorgeous picture of a Gorgosaurus? In a newly published book, two paleontologists and an artist from Australia describe the process that’s worked for them for more than 30 years.

“The Artist and the Scientists: Bringing Prehistory to Life” is a 320-page coffee-table volume that packs in scores of beautiful images of long-extinct species, ranging from the Precambrian era to the megafauna that humans may have had a hand in wiping out. But the point of the book isn’t merely to present pretty pictures.

The Monash Science Center’s Patricia Vickers-Rich and her husband, Museum Victoria’s Thomas Rich, write about the paleontological groundwork that they do to figure out how extinct species looked — and how they lived. Freelance artist Peter Trusler, who was trained in zoology at Monash University, writes about how he builds on that groundwork to flesh out his pictures of those species. But it’s clear that their method is not just a one-way assembly line leading from the fossils to the finished product.

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“Sometimes the horse leads the cart, and sometimes the cart leads the horse,” Trusler told me.

The way Trusler sees it, his illustrations are often “another one of the investigative tools in science to try to increase our understanding.” And the Riches appreciate what he does.

“Peter is not only an artist,” Thomas Rich told me. “He’s also a very well-qualified scientist. He could have easily gone down that academic route, so you’re not talking about a person who just draws pretty pictures.”

Rich recalled the time Trusler went out and gathered up some ginkgo leaves, then cut incisions into the leaves to get an idea of what the ancient Ginkgoides australis species looked like. Trusler often asks questions about how a particular anatomical feature might have worked, or how a creature’s surroundings might have looked in ancient times. “If we couldn’t provide the answers, he would go out and find a way to supply the answers,” Rich said.

The results are on display in the book — fossils gathered during the Riches’ travels in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Americas, Africa and eastern Europe, plus sketches and paintings by Trusler that end up providing a photorealistic view of the past. The artist as well as the scientists are based in Australia, so much of their story is set Down Under. But their work has become known worldwide.

The weirdest pictures come not from the age of the dinosaurs, but from earlier or later — from the Precambrian, for example, a time when body plans apparently took on strange shapes that are hardly ever seen today. Or from the time when giant birds and mammals ruled the roost in Australia, just before the humans arrived.

You won’t find feathered dinosaurs amid the pages of “The Artist and the Scientists,” but stay tuned. Thomas Rich says he’s focusing in on sites in Australia that are similar to China’s Liaoning deposits, where the best evidence of dinosaur feathers has been found. Right now he has his eye on fossil beds near Koonwarra. “That’s where we should go and look really hard for feathered dinosaurs,” he said.

Meanwhile, Trusler is trying to figure out how to render a particular species of ichthyosaur, the ancient marine reptiles that ruled the seas while the dinosaurs held sway on land. “I don’t have an idea in my head about what the final appearance of this animal is going to be,” he said. “Your creativity is at play to a certain degree all the time, but the ultimate product is quite a mystery.”

Thankfully, it’s a mystery Trusler doesn’t have to tackle alone. That’s the main message of “The Artist and the Scientists.”

“It’s not simply a step-by-step process, in terms of me translating something that’s set in concrete,” Trusler said. “The process is quite an interactive one, and it always will be.”

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Be sure to click through “Bringing Prehistory to Life,” a slideshow featuring photos and illustrations from “The Artist and the Scientists.”

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